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NEUROCCINO

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Grab a coffee and an interesting paper from the last week and join us for a discussion of exciting science.

Every Monday morning

9:30 - 10:00AM (Paris time) 

Join live on Zoom or YouTube

 

Join live on Zoom 

Meeting ID: 895 8114 6322
Passcode: CNS

Zoom Link : https://us02web.zoom.us/j/89581146322?pwd=QWp1a0ZqZ1I2bk9OUktDOVMrd3BKQT09

Or via the CNSeminars 

YouTube Channel

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How to prepare for a Neuroccino:

1. Try and summarise the main points of the paper (no need to prepare a presentation) and tell us why the paper got you excited.

2. What's the take-home message?

3. What did the authors do (e.g. what methods/analysis etc.)?

4. Who was the study cohort (e.g. volunteers, patients)?

5. Why did this paper capture your attention?

Most recent Neuroccino:

Neuroccino 30th Jan 2023 - linguistic functioning across different languages in bilinguals
35:17

Neuroccino 30th Jan 2023 - linguistic functioning across different languages in bilinguals

How bilingual brains accomplish the processing of more than one language has been widely investigated by neuroimaging studies. The assimilation-accommodation hypothesis holds that both the same brain neural networks supporting the native language and additional new neural networks are utilized to implement second language processing. However, whether and how this hypothesis applies at the finer-grained levels of both brain anatomical organization and linguistic functions remains unknown. To address this issue, we scanned Chinese-English bilinguals during an implicit reading task involving Chinese words, English words and Chinese pinyin. We observed broad brain cortical regions wherein interdigitated distributed neural populations supported the same cognitive components of different languages. Although spatially separate, regions including the opercular and triangular parts of the inferior frontal gyrus, temporal pole, superior and middle temporal gyrus, precentral gyrus and supplementary motor areas were found to perform the same linguistic functions across languages, indicating regional-level functional assimilation supported by voxel-wise anatomical accommodation. Taken together, the findings not only verify the functional independence of neural representations of different languages, but show co-representation organization of both languages in most language regions, revealing linguistic-feature specific accommodation and assimilation between first and second languages. Paper link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s42003-023-04446-5#Sec20
Neuroccino 9th January 2023 - The Wernicke conundrum
37:35