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Luria's approach to aphasia: syndrome analysis

 

Dr. Olga Dragoy, Director of the Neurolinguistics Laboratory, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

 

 

Boston aphasia classification is widely used for diagnostic and treatment evaluation purposes in individuals with brain damage and related language impairments. It is based on a limited number of specific measures of linguistic performance. A totally different approach to classify aphasia was suggested by a Russian neuropsychologist Alexander Luria. Luria was an advocate of syndrome analysis and qualitative identification of a disrupted common neuropsychological factor underlying a patient’s deficit and manifested in different cognitive domains. In this talk, theoretical basis of Luria’s aphasia classification will be discussed and compared to the Boston tradition. A particular attention will be paid to so-called semantic aphasia, which is not included in the Boston classification and presumably does not exist in the Western world.

 

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